Ibá publishes annual balance sheet for the Brazilian planted tree industry
consolidates economic, industrial, social and
environmental results for 2016
August 29, 2017 - The Brazilian Tree
Industry (Ibá) released its 2017 Annual Report, which presents
economic, social, and environmental indicators for 2016 in
the Brazilian planted tree sector; the report shows that
this sector which produces trees for industrial use is a
worldwide reference and one of major forces in the Brazilian
This material contains
analyses on the national forest-based sector and its
challenges, the gross domestic product (GDP), trade balance,
taxes collected, investment, competitiveness, and generation
of employment and income, among other economic indices
related to this segment. It also presents assessments of
aspects involving Brazilian legislation, as well as
information on industrial productivity listed by state and
The growing influence
of the industry on environmental issues such as climate
change, energy, protection of natural habitats, solid waste,
and the human development index are also discussed in detail
in this report. In this edition, Ibá also presented new
chapters addressing the multiple uses of wood and
biodiversity, as well as the tax-exempt paper.
According to surveys
conducted by Ibá and Pöyry with support from companies
associated with Ibá, the total area of planted trees in
Brazil reached 7.84 million hectares in 2016 (+0.5%), and
another 5.6 million hectares of natural areas were preserved
within Permanent Preservation Areas (PPA), Legal Reserve
areas (LR), and Private Natural Heritage Reserves areas
During a period marked
by adversity and a troubled political and economic scenario,
in which the Brazilian GDP declined for the second
consecutive year (-3.6%), all sectors of the economy
contracted, including the forest industry. However, even
despite this drop, the sector still demonstrated results
exceeding those seen in various other sectors of the
- The forest sector's
share of the industrial gross domestic product (GDP)
increased from 6% in 2015 to 6.2% last year, with gross
revenues totaling R$ 71.1 billion in 2016 (-3.3%): a
smaller drop seen than the losses in the Brazilian economy
(-3.6%), industry in general (-3.8%), and agriculture
- Even considering
decreased prices for the sector's products abroad, which
resulted in a drop in revenue to US $8.9 billion (-1.1%),
the volume registered by exports and lower import levels
helped the trade balance for the sector to also reach
unprecedented heights and close the year with a surplus of
US$ 7.8 billion (+3.2%).
- Brazilian pulp
attained record production in 2016 with 18.8 million tons
(+8.1%), reaching 2nd place in the ranking of
the world's largest pulp producers, surpassing the United
States and China.
- Even though paper
production remained stable in relation to 2015, Brazil
also rose one slot in the global ranking for this segment,
reaching eighth place with 10.3 million tons produced.
- Export volumes from
this sector increased by 14.1% over the previous year.
During this period, pulp exports reached 12.9 million tons
(+11.9%), the most notable achievement in the segment. The
wood panel sector also broke records with more than 1.1
million cubic meters sold to other countries in 2016
- The proportion of
wood from planted forests in national charcoal production
in 2016 rose to 84%, a record for the segment.
- And investments in
the sector reached R$ 12.4 billion, divided into 4.7
billion invested in forests and R$ 7.7 billion in
industry. Another R$ 306 million were invested in
environmental programs which benefited 1.8 million people.
The planted tree industry was responsible for roughly 3.7
million direct and indirect jobs and other employment
posts resulting from the income effect.
Check out these and
other indices for the sector in the Ibá 2017 Report, which
can be downloaded from the association's website: www.iba.org.
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