The global timber price index GSPI was up 4.2% in the 2Q/16 after having fallen to the lowest level since 2009 in early 2016
Higher sawlog prices in
Russia, Brazil, Germany and British Columbia in the 2Q/16 contributed to the
first increase of the GSPI sawlog price index in over two year, reports the
Wood Resource Quarterly. An increase in lumber demand and slightly higher log
trade than last year have put upward price pressure on softwood sawlogs in most
major markets of the world this year.
The Global Sawlog Price Index (GSPI) was up 4.2% in the 2Q/16 to US$71.18/m3,
the highest quarter-over-quarter increase since the 2Q/11. Sawlog prices
increased in 16 of the 19 regions tracked by the Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ)
and were generally higher in both the local currencies and in US dollar terms.
The biggest price increases in dollar terms occurred in Russia, Brazil, Germany
and British Columbia. The only regions that experienced lower log prices in the
2Q/16 were Chile, where lumber export markets weakened, and the US Northwest,
where log export to Asia slowed down the first few months of the year and the
domestic sawmills run at fairly low operating rates.
During the first half of
2016, global trade of softwood logs was up about one percent as compared to the
same period in 2015, according to estimates by the WRI. Almost 50% of globally
traded logs are imported to countries in Asia (specifically China, South Korea
and Japan) followed by Europe and North America.
Asia's share was down from 52% in 2015 because of reduced importation to China.
The biggest change over the past ten years has been that the Nordic import
share of the global log trade has fallen from almost 18% in 2005 to only nine
percent in 2015, because the three Northern European countries have increased
their domestic timber harvests to decrease the reliance on imported wood
raw-material, according to the WRQ (www.woodprices.com).
The major trade flows in 2015 were, in descending order:
1. New Zealand to China
2. Russia to China
3. US to China
4. US to Canada
5. Norway to Sweden
The global log trade continued at a healthy pace in early 3Q/16 with shipped
volumes generally being higher than the same time in 2015.
Global lumber, sawlog and
pulpwood market reporting is included in the 52-page quarterly publication Wood
Resource Quarterly (WRQ). The report, which was established in 1988 and has
subscribers in over 30 countries, tracks sawlog, pulpwood, wood chip, lumber
and pellet prices, trade and market developments in most key regions around the
Source: wood resources international
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