Forestry in South Africa
Friday, August 12, 2022

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FABI Articles : Ceratocystis species, including two new taxa, from Eucalyptus trees in South Africa

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Ceratocystis species, including two new taxa, from Eucalyptus trees in South Africa

Gilbert Kamgan Nkuekam, Michael J. Wingfield & Jolanda Roux

The ascomycete genus Ceratocystis (Microascales, Ceratocystidaceae) includes important fungal pathogens of trees, including Eucalyptus species. Ceratocystis species and their Thielaviopsis asexual states are typically associated with insects, such as nitidulid beetles, that spread them over long distances. Eucalyptus trees comprise a substantial component of the forestry industry in South Africa, however, limited information is available regarding Ceratocystis species that infect these trees. In this study, Ceratocystis species were collected from wounds on Eucalyptus trees in all the major plantation regions of South Africa, as well as from insects
associated with these wounds. Both morphology and multigene DNA sequence analyses, using three nuclear loci, were used to identify the Ceratocystis species. Of the 260 isolates collected, nine Ceratocystis species, of which two were represented only by their Thielaviopsis anamorph states were identified. These species were C. eucalypticola, C. pirilliformis, C. savannae, C. oblonga, C. moniliformis, T. basicola, T. thielavioides and two Ceratocystis species that are described here as C. salinaria sp. nov. and C. decipiens sp. nov. Insects
associated with these Ceratocystis species were Brachypeplus depressus (Nitidulidae), Carpophylus bisignatus, C. dimidiatus (Nitidulidae), Xyleborus affinis (Scolytidae), Litargus sp. (Mycetophagidae) and a Staphylinid (Staphylinidae) species.

Download the PDF paper: Kamgan et al 2012 Ceratocystis on Eucalyptus in South Africa