20 January, 2016
Resurgence in global wood production
Global production of all major wood products is showing its largest
growth since the global economic downturn of 2008-2009, according to new
data published by FAO.
In 2014, growth in wood products, including industrial roundwood,
sawnwood, wood-based panels and pulp and paper, ranged from 1 to 5 per
cent, surpassing the pre-recession levels of 2007. The fastest growth
was registered in Asia-Pacific and Latin America and Caribbean.
industries were among the hardest hit by the recent global economic
downturn in 2008-2009. We are seeing now the highest growth of the
global wood industries in the last five years, which is important to
national economies and the well-being and livelihoods of millions of
forest-dependant people worldwide," said Thais Linhares-Juvenal, head of
the FAO's forest economics and statistics team.
FAO publishes the Statistical Yearbook of Forest Products
on an annual basis. It aims to provide countries with information and
tools to assess the contribution of the forest products industry to
global and national economies and sustainable development, and to
improve their forest management and forestry policies.
Wood pellet production sets new record
of wood pellets, which are used as fuel, set a new record in 2014,
growing by 16 per cent over the previous year to reach 26 million
tonnes, mainly driven by increasing consumption in Europe. Europe and
North America accounted for almost all global production (60 per cent
and 33 per cent respectively). Europe registered by far the largest
consumption (78 per cent) followed by the US (12 per cent). Trade in
pellets from Northern America to Europe (mainly the UK) increased by 25
per cent in 2014 from previous year.
Production and consumption
of wood pellets in Asia more than doubled in 2014 versus the previous
year. South Korea has emerged as the fourth largest wood pellet importer
after the United Kingdom, Denmark and Italy, helping drive up wood
pellets production in many countries in the region, especially Vietnam,
China, and Thailand.
Wood pellets have been used by European and
other countries, including South Korea and Japan, to meet their
renewable energy goals. The demand for wood pellets as a green energy
source has increased significantly since 2008 and is expected to grow as
more and more countries commit to mitigation actions on climate change.
Surge in production of wood-based panels and sawnwood
and consumption of wood-based panels and sawnwood continues to grow
strongly in all regions as well. Global production of panels and
sawnwood increased by 5 perc ent and 4 per cent respectively. Wood-based
panels was the product category that saw the fastest growth in
production, due to the rapid and consistent growth in the Asia-Pacific
region (mainly China which accounts for 49 per cent of global
production). Overall, production surged by 62 per cent in the
Asia-Pacific during 2010-2014 while it grew modestly by 9 per cent in
other regions over the same period.
Paper markets resume growth in China
of paper stagnated in Europe and declined in North America in 2014, but
grew modestly in Africa, Latin America and Asia-Pacific. After a slight
decline in paper production in China in 2013, paper production and
consumption resumed growth there last year, driving the overall growth
trend in the Asia-Pacific.
South America emerging as new big player in global wood pulp market
America has gradually emerged as the world's leading exporter of wood
pulp with new pulp mills being built in Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. Last
year the region accounted for 30 per cent of global wood pulp exports.
In 2014, Brazil overtook Canada for the first time as the world's fourth
largest country in fibre furnish production - wastepaper, other fibre
pulp and wood pulp used to manufacture paper - after the United States,
China and Japan.